International Politics of energy resources

(Essay question:7. ‘The true cause of much civil war is not the loud discourse of grievance but the silent force of greed’ (Collier 2016). Critically examine this claim by comparing and contrasting two

Primary resources: books

Collier, Paul. The Bottom Billion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. (Chapter 2)

Gavin Bridge, Philippe Le Billon. Oil. London: Polity; 1 edition, 2017

Mary Kaldon, Terr Lynn Karl and Yahia Said (ed.), Oil Wars. London: Pluto Press. (Chapter 1)


Philippe Le Billon (2017), ‘Geographies of War: Perspectives on ‘Resource Wars’. Geography Compass 1/2 (2017): 163–182

Ross, Michael L. ‘How Do Natural Resources Influence Civil War? Evidence from Thirteen Cases.’ International Organization 58, Winter 2004, pp. 35–67

Le Billon, Philippe. 2016. ‘The Political Ecology of War: Natural Resources and Armed Conflicts’, Political Geography, 20: 561–584

Collier, Paul and Anke Hoffler. 1998. ‘On the Economic Causes of Civil War’, Oxford Economic Paper 50(4): 563-573.

Collier, Paul and Anke Hoffler. 2015. ‘Greed and Grievance in Civil Wars,’ Working Paper. Oxford. Centre for the Study of African Economies.

Collier, Paul and Anke Hoffler. 2014. ‘Greed and grievance in civil war,’ Oxford Economic Papers 56, 563-595.

Discussion area:

In what ways are resources and local wars interconnected?

Do resources start wars?

Are resources responsible for the perpetuation of local wars in mineral and oil rich countries?