Reading Chapters 1-5 and using other sources (internet), discuss and answer the following questions in detail: Book: man computer ape, or angel? by azar
1. Is the question of the course about the Existence or Essence of Humans? What is an Existential Question and what is an Essentialist Question? Hint: This course is not about whether human beings exist. Why is this course not about the existence of humans? Help: Look at the title of the book as it contains the kind of question dealt with in the textbook and in the course, and interestingly it provides the possible answers to the question is seeks to answer as well.
2. What is the philosophical ultimate that philosophers are interested in examining when they study humans? Hint: Philosophy, as traditionally defined (Chapter #1), is a rational study of ultimate causes achieved through rational argumentation, so what is the fundamental, foundational, root discussion of humans fulfilling this definition and what is not the fundamental, root, basic (proximate) area that philosophers are not interested in studying? Why is it to be expected that different answers would be given to the question, “What is a human when philosophically discussed?,”? Hint: Do we know the natures of things easily, effortlessly, and quickly? Example: Look at a piece of chalk. Do you know that it exists? The answer is, “Of course.” Do you know, however, what the chemical definition is of that chalk as easily as you know that it exists? Why is the answer so easy in the first case, but not so easy in the second?
3. Is everyone interested in knowing what a philosophical understanding of humans is? Hint: The answer is NO. Help: Is everyone interested in math, chemistry, sociology, theology? Why do are some people interested in things that others are not interested in studying?
4. From the title of the textbook, discuss the TWO ANSWERS that the author of the textbook gives to the question that he asks. What does he mean by using the words: `Man’, `Computer’, `Ape’, `Angel’, as words have different meanings. Hint: The word `Man’ can mean ‘male’. Does your author mean this when he uses the word `man’? Why not? If the answer is, “Yes”, then this course would study only males, leaving out 50% of the female members of the class!
5. What items are accepted and agreed about by all philosophers of the human person? List 5 items and the reason they accept these items.
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