principle of effective teaching of reading

I. BAsed on the principle of effective teaching of reading, explain the following principles:- A) SYNTACTIC; B) SEMANTIC

II. Explain the following areas of emergent literacy:-A) phonological or phonemic awareness; B) elaborated or oral language development

III. Based on basal readers in general explain the following characteristics:A) Repetition of words or phrases B) Icon/picture interest(use of pictures) & C) Comprehension e.g. parts of speech, punctuation etc. (how it is organized)