Explain the following: what were the reasons for the military successes of the Ottoman-Turks in creating a third (but non-Arab) Islamic empire re-uniting the Greater Middle-East/Gulf region, and what type of relations did the Turks have towards their non-Turkish subject populations and minorities (Arabs, Balkan and Middle-Eastern Christians, Armenian Christians, Jews, Kurds and Persians)?
Goldschmidt Jr., Arthur, and Lawrence Davidson. A Concise History of the Middle East, 11th ed. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2013. Print. ISBN-13: 978-0-8133-4962-6