FORMATEach paper must be formatted using the ACM SIG Proceedings template (if you prefer to use LaTeX, please use Option 1: ‘Strict’ style). For example, take a look at this paper:D. König, N. Lohmann, S. Moser, C. Stahl, and K. Wolf. “Extending the compatibility notion for abstract WS-BPEL processes,” in Proceeding of the 17th International Conference on World Wide Web (Beijing, China, April 21 – 25, 2008). New York, NY: ACM Press, 2008, pp. 785-794. Available: [March 30, 2011].The formatting of your paper must look exactly like the formatting of the paper above. This includes elements such as the title, names, affiliation, headings, paragraphs, figure captions, references, and spacing. Any deviations from this formatting style may lead to deductions from your mark.The final paper must be 5 full pages, with an additional margin of error of half a page. This paper length includes title, name of author, the text, references, and any other required material. Papers longer than six pages will not be considered in the review process, and will automatically receive a grade of 0%. Shorter papers will be reduced by 20% for each page less than five (i.e., a three page paper will automatically lose 40%).WRITING YOUR REVIEW PAPERTOPEach paper must include the following components.o Titleo Abstracto Category and Subject Descriptorso General Termso Keywordso Introductiono Research Problem Formulationo Conclusiono ReferencesEach paper must also include a number of sections between the Introduction and Research Problem Formulation, where you will analyze the topic of your review. Use the following list as a guide to writing this part of your paper.o An overview of the major challenge(s) faced in this area of research.o A review of the approaches used in the past to overcome these challenges.o For each approach: discuss the problem(s) it addresses, how it is used as a solution, its current status and the results of this approach, and any unresolved problems.o A summary of the status of the field.o A description of the challenges for future research.o The formulation of the research problem to be addressed in TMA 4.You are advised to consider the following articles, as they clearly explain how a research paper should be written.V. Milutinovic. “The best method for presentation of research results.” IEEE TCCA Newsletter, pp. 1-6, Sept. 1996. Shaw. “Writing good software engineering research papers: Minitutorial,” in Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on Software Engineering. Los Alamitos, CA: Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, 2003, pp. 726-736. Available: [March 30, 2011].J. Widom. “Tips for writing technical papers.” Internet: Available from the Stanford University Web site:, Jan. 27, 2006 [March 30, 2011].R. Levin and D.D. Redell. “How (and how not) to write a good systems paper [Electronic version].” ACM SIGOPS Operating Systems Review, vol. 17(3), pp. 35-40, 1983. Literature ReviewedTOPYour review must cite 8-18 peer-reviewed articles. Every article you use must appear in the reference section, and be formatted according to the ACM SIG Proceedings template. A paper must not appear in the reference section if it is not explicitly cited in the main body of the paper. Remember that citations are not permitted in the abstract. Your description of the approaches used in the literature should primarily be from peer-reviewed research papers published since 2004 (i.e., from 2004 until present); although, citing older references may be necessary to strengthen some of your arguments.Depending on the topic of your paper, you may need to refer to publications (journals and conference proceedings) that are listed in the Study Guide, or other publications that you have found to be relevant to your topic. Non-peer-reviewed publications (e.g., technical news and popular articles) can be cited once or twice, but they should not be considered a reliable or objective source of information. Non-peer-reviewed publications should only be used for specific purposes (e.g., to demonstrate that a particular human-computer interaction technology has attracted the attention of an industry that might adopt it in the near future). Similarly, you can only cite up to two books or book chapters. Up to 20% of your references can be taken from the list of Required Readings and the rest must be peer-reviewed papers that you have found on your own.