Relationship between drug reduction and number of physical exercise of youth in Hong Kong

Research Format : Questionnaire Project Title The project title should be brief and descriptive. If possible, make it catchy and memorable 3. Project Summary Usually limited to 100 words, this should include a description of study aims, research questions, research method, anticipated outcomes, significance to scholarship and/or social, health and/or economic benefit of the research. In this section, it is useful to emphasise innovation. The project summary is usually written in lay terms (ie avoid the use of jargon and keep the language simple). 4. Study Aims ? State clearly the aims of the research in dot points or numbered ? Keep every aim clear and succinct with complete sentences ? If you are conducting an intervention studies, state clearly the primary outcome on which to base power and sample size calculations ? If there are secondary outcomes in the study, clear state them one by one 5. Background The background should include the following: ? Context of the research issues, including: o What do we already know? o Scope of the problem/issues ? Use subheadings ? Start big (eg epidemiological issues and national perspectives) and finish with local issues ? What is the state of the science? ? Include information about recent international progress in the field of the research, and the relationship of this proposal to work in the field generally ? Be succinct – what is already known about the problem and where are the gaps in the literature? ? Define your key terms and cite key and easily accessible references wherever possible, including policy documents as well as peer-reviewed journal article ? Describe the conceptual framework to be used in the study 6. Significance and Innovation of the Study Describe the significance of the research in details Describe how the study addresses an important problem and how will it add to the existing body of knowledge. You can ask the following questions while considering the significance of the study: ? Will the study strengthen basic knowledge? ? Will the study provide the answer to a significant problem? ? Does the project have particular impact for the future eg. global environmental issue? ? How will the anticipated outcomes advance the knowledge base of the discipline? ? What is novel and innovative about the approach used in the study (conceptually and methodologically)? ? What new methodologies or technologies will be developed? ? What economic benefits might there be? 7. Research Questions ? State clearly the research question of the study ? Remember, there needs to be synergy between your research questions, aims and methods. ? Typically your project will have 2-4 research questions. 8. Research Hypotheses ? Based on the questions set up the research hypotheses ? State each research hypothesis clearly one by one 9. Methods In the Methods section, the following sub-sections could be included: Study Design Describe the design and methods to be used Explain how these are appropriate and well integrated with the aims of the project Study population and sampling Describe the study population in details and provide details in how to generate the sample Recruitment of participants Describe how participants will be recruited in details Primary and secondary outcomes Re-state the primary and secondary outcomes of the study Measuring Instruments Provide detailed descriptions on each of the measuring instrument will be used in the study, particularly for the primary outcome and the intervention if there it is an intervention study If there is a need to design a new instrument for data collection, provide detailed information on how the new instrument will be designed and validated Intervention (if the aim of the study is to examine this) If necessary, clearly describe the intervention in full details of what it is and how it works Procedures of data collection Provide step-by-step details on how to conduct the study and collect the data Think of a recipe or if you had to give the project to someone else to do it what would you tell them Power Analysis Provide a statement of how participants are required for this study and how the number is calculated Analysis of Data/Statistics Provide a detailed plan of how data will be management and stored What statistical analyses will be applied to the dataset in order to test the stead hypotheses and to obtain answer to the research questions Provide reasons for the application of the statistical technique Interpretation of Results (if there is a specific requirement for data to be interpreted in line with clinical practice) 10. Ethical Issues Describe ethical issues for study participants and how will you manage these issues. In particular consider: ? Confidentiality (including storage of study document and issues of disclosure) ? Vulnerable populations (eg those who cannot give informed consent) ? You will generally need to develop a Patient Information and Consent Form (PISCF) for your study. This can be included in an Appendix. 11. Budget and Budget Justification ? Provide a detailed budget stating clearly how much will it cost for each item including personnel, equipment, transportation, printing, etc. ? Provide a justification of the costs ? Describe where the research fund will be coming from 12. Timelines and Timetabling This is a measure of the project’s feasibility. ? Provide a timeline /timetable for each phase of the study ? List any milestones – dates draft reports are due etc. ? Beware that ethics clearances may require a realistic period for approval 13. References ? Include a list of all references within the proposal- remember this is not your thesis, so the list doesn’t need to be exhaustive. ? Cite only the key international, substantive and easily accessible references wherever possible 14. Appendices It is useful to include in the appendices copies of instruments, consent forms, letters of support etc.less