Persuasive speech (100 points)—This 6-7 minute speech should address a controversial topic related to the semester’s theme on which a significant portion of your audience holds a different view from your own. You are seeking to modify your audience’s beliefs, attitudes, and/or behaviors by the speech. Use evidence and reasoning, not just emotional appeals. The use of quantitative reasoning (such as statistics) is required in this speech. An outline is required including at least 5 quality, outside sources. At least one source must be from someone who opposes your position.
You will produce formal, full-sentence outlines for your speech of introduction (15 points) as well as your
informative and persuasive speeches (30 points each). The outline must be handed in to your instructor
physically to your instructor and submitted to Turnitin.com prior to speaking for full credit. Outlines must be
All sources used in the speech must be listed in a “References” section of the outline and cited using APA style.
In addition, sources must be cited orally in the presentation and parenthetically in the outline. Details of outline
requirements are provided in the text in chapter 12.
Outlining your speech presents several advantages to you:
• It enables you to organize your ideas clearly.
• It enables you to easily rehearse your presentation.
• It enables you to easily revise and refine your speech
• Include your name and the page number in the header.
• State the title of your speech and center it before starting your outline. Follow this by stating the specific
purpose of your speech.
• Divide your outline into the introduction, body, and conclusion. Begin each section with Roman
• Use roman numerals (I, II, III) for main points, capital letters (A, B, C) for subpoints, Arabic numerals
(1, 2, 3) for supporting points, and lowercase letters (a, b, c) for further subdivisions. There should
always be a “b” to match an “a.” There should always be a “2” to match a “1.” There should always be a
“B” to match an “A.”
• The introduction has four parts: an opening with impact, thesis statement, connection with the audience
and a preview of the speech’s main points.
• The body should include three to four main points with well-developed subpoints and transitions. The
transitions between main points should be written in parentheses between main points.
• The conclusion has two parts: a review summarizing the main points and a conclusion with impact.
• Use complete sentences. Use only one sentence per letter or number, and separate distinct ideas into
different sentences. It is not necessary to use complete sentences in situations such as the following:
lists, parts of a larger whole, or places where complete sentences would be awkward or unnatural.
• When citing sources, put the author’s name and date in parentheses after the point (American
Psychological Association, 2001). If you are quoting directly, also include the page number (American
Psychological Association, 2001, p. 69). Include the full source citation in your references section at the
end of the outline. References should be listed in alphabetical order.