Human Anatomy and Physiology

Define each condition by including the levels of PCO2 or HCO3- and the pH levels.
Identify at least three or more common causes for each condition.
Describe the compensatory mechanism for each condition in detail; include whether the kidneys or lungs assist.
Describe treatment mechanisms for each condition when the regular compensatory mechanisms are not working well.
Describe how older age may compromise the acid-base balance processes. Be sure to include any changes associated with the kidneys and the lungs.