Is the Labeling Requirement Ripe for Judicial Review?

1/ Is the Labeling Requirement Ripe for Judicial Review? Hypothetical: A new regulation is being proposed by a federal administrative agency that requires e-cigarette manufactures to disclose the ingredients on each of the package of the product. The penalty for noncompliance is a substantial fine and the seizure of all cigarettes in commerce “not containing the proper labeling.” Can the cigarette companies get immediate access to the courts to challenge this action or do they have to wait until the regulation actually goes into effect. Is this issue ripe for judicial review? Why or why not? 2/ Do Parents Have Standing to Sue? “Under federal anti-discrimination laws and its own regulatory Code, the Internal Revenue Service was supposed to deny tax exempt status to racially discriminatory private schools in school districts subject to court-ordered desegregation. Plaintiffs were parents of black public school students who alleged that the tax exemption allowed tax-deductible contributions supporting such schools, attracting white students out of the public schools, and thus thwarting federal school integration policy. The children of these plaintiffs had not themselves applied for admission to the schools that discriminated against black children. Do their parents have standing to sue for enforcement of federal law against the private school?” Why or why not? (Source: Daniel Feldman, Administrative Law: The Sources and Limits of Government Agency Power. Washington, D.C.: Sage/CQ Press, 2016, p. 174.)